Almotamar Net -
By Musatfa Nasar , Fatma Mottaher & Thuraya Dammaj.
The 22nd of May 1990 was really a turning point in the modern history of Yemen. It was the day on which Yemeni people had crowned their long standing struggle for the homeland’s reunification. Most importantly is that a new era of democracy , security and political stability was launched in the country.
The general referenda held in 1991 to approve the first constitution of the Yemeni single state was the milestone of democratic march in Yemen. The result was 89% in favor of the constitution.
The republic of Yemen’s constitution amended through general referenda organized 2001, stated that people is the source of power and they shall exercise it directly through general election and referenda and indirectly through the elected local councils. Thereby , political regime in Yemen is based on democracy’s principles , pluralism and multi-parties.
Yemenis went on bolstering democracy experience and have grown accustom with its practices . Three parliamentary elections held in the country so far in 1993, 1997and 2003. The first direct presidential election took place in 1999. First local council election arranged in 2001.
Yemenis of all political stripes are convinced that democracy is the ideal option for ruling and peaceful exchange of power. President of the republic Ali Abdullah Saleh frequently repeated that “ democracy is the life’s boat for both of the rulers and peoples”. He said.
Yemeni politicians either of the ruling party or the opposition are very keen to exercise democracy in consistent with the constitution. The two sides become more familiar with democracy principles and both of them is quite a ware of the others role.
Mr. Sultan AL-Barakany ,the head of the ruling party’s parliamentary bloc , the People General Congress(PGC) says” our relation as a ruling party with the opposition is governed by the constitution and laws. It is regulated by the agreement on the goals and disagreement on the means”.
He went on saying” we are proud that our country become familiar with a new situation known as a ruling and opposition. No body can deny the positive political changes which have been taking place ever since the first Yemeni election conducted in 1993”.
Dr. Mansor Al-Zindany, Mp of the Yemeni Grouping for Reform , largest opposition party, says “ there is no way for comparison between the situation before the unity and what happens now. In the past we used to resort to armament activities to protest to our opponents policy or to come to power but now we have abandoned those vulgar ways forever and embarked on democracy for 14 years”.
Some analysts and observers think that relation between regime and opposition in Yemen is in the right track. The opposition plays reasonable role in criticizing the government performance and suspending some of its decisions. In short , the government forced to adopt transparence measures and to embrace practical mechanisms for combating corruption.
The head of political division of the Yemeni Socialist Party, Mr. Abdul-Ghany Abdul-Kader says “ democracy is the main guarantee for protecting the unity and releasing the peoples potentials to go on development.
He adds “ relationship between opposition and ruling authority must be based on equivalent basis thus, sound and quiet dialogue should be prevailed apart from smearing and defaming but targeting national interest”.
The government provides the political parties with financial support in accordance with the law. 25% of the government subsidy distributed to the whole parties represented in the parliament, whereas 75% distributed to the parties according to the percentage of votes which the party obtained in the general election, with the exception of those parties which gained less than 5% of the total amount of votes.
Following the pluralism and multi-parties being adopted in the country , 46 of political parties were declared , however 22 out of them had taken part in the 1993 parliamentary election. Eight parties had managed to win parliamentarian representation at the time against five parties in the current parliament.
Sultan Al- Brarkani , said ; the main issue between regime and opposition is that we couldn’t get real democracy and regime without genuine opposition..
He added “ democracy is a long build- up process and it has been adopted recently in Yemen , however if we have come up to 40 % or 50% of progression it is quite good..
Yemen has lost many women who have struggled in highlighting the role that women have played in social advancement. Death took these bright minds from Yemen, however, they have left a huge impact in Yemenis hearts and minds that cannot be erased.
In this special issue, National Yemen highlighted stories and achievements of three great women who passed away, though their achievements are still discussed. We are especially pleased to showcase that disabled Yemeni women also have much to contribute
Foreign Minister Abo Baker al-Qirbi discussed Sunday with Yousuf Bin Alawi Bin Abdullah, Minister Responsible for Foreign Affairs of Sultanate of Oman, aspects of the Yemeni-Omani distinctive relations and means to enhance them.
Foreign Minister Abo Baker al-Qirbi met Sunday with Saudi Arabia's Foreign Minister Prince Saud al-Faisal, in the meeting's sidelines of the 141st regular session of the Arab foreign ministers in Cairo.
The Presidential decrees Nos.(26& 27) for 2014 were issued Saturday determining the work mechanism of the Constitution Drafting Committee and forming the committee's members.
The first decree includes six chapters containing objectives and principles, constitution drafting committee and its general secretariat, the committee's mechanism of action, the preparation and publication of the constitution's draft, consultations and amendments, and finally the last chapter is on the final provisions.
Foreign Minister Abu Bakr al-Qirbi headed on Saturday for Cairo, Egypt, to participate in the meeting of the 141st regular session of the Arab foreign ministers.
The meeting to kick off on Sunday at the Arab League's headquarters would discuss many important files, topped by the preparations for the upcoming Arab summit to be held in Kuwait on 25-26 of this month, al-Qirbi said.
General People's Congress (GPC) delegation met Prime Minister of Djibouti, Abdualqader Kamel in their visit to the country. During the meeting, both sides discussed bilateral relations and ways of developing them as well as discussing a number of issues of common interest between the two countries.
The occasion of the GPC delegation visit was to attend the 35 Conference of the ruling Party in Djibouti, which took place during the period from 3 until 4 March.
The General Congress Committee of the General People's Congress and the Higher Council of the National Democratic Coalition held an extraordinary meeting presided by Ali Abdullah Saleh , the president of the GPC ,during which they examined The Security Council Resolution 2140 on Yemen .
The General Congress Committee and the Coalition parties appreciated the resolution's reaffirmation of strong commitment to the unity , sovereignty , independence and territorial integrity of Yemen , its welcoming the outcomes of the comprehensive National Dialogue Conference which