Almotamar Net -
By Musatfa Nasar , Fatma Mottaher & Thuraya Dammaj.
The 22nd of May 1990 was really a turning point in the modern history of Yemen. It was the day on which Yemeni people had crowned their long standing struggle for the homeland’s reunification. Most importantly is that a new era of democracy , security and political stability was launched in the country.
The general referenda held in 1991 to approve the first constitution of the Yemeni single state was the milestone of democratic march in Yemen. The result was 89% in favor of the constitution.
The republic of Yemen’s constitution amended through general referenda organized 2001, stated that people is the source of power and they shall exercise it directly through general election and referenda and indirectly through the elected local councils. Thereby , political regime in Yemen is based on democracy’s principles , pluralism and multi-parties.
Yemenis went on bolstering democracy experience and have grown accustom with its practices . Three parliamentary elections held in the country so far in 1993, 1997and 2003. The first direct presidential election took place in 1999. First local council election arranged in 2001.
Yemenis of all political stripes are convinced that democracy is the ideal option for ruling and peaceful exchange of power. President of the republic Ali Abdullah Saleh frequently repeated that “ democracy is the life’s boat for both of the rulers and peoples”. He said.
Yemeni politicians either of the ruling party or the opposition are very keen to exercise democracy in consistent with the constitution. The two sides become more familiar with democracy principles and both of them is quite a ware of the others role.
Mr. Sultan AL-Barakany ,the head of the ruling party’s parliamentary bloc , the People General Congress(PGC) says” our relation as a ruling party with the opposition is governed by the constitution and laws. It is regulated by the agreement on the goals and disagreement on the means”.
He went on saying” we are proud that our country become familiar with a new situation known as a ruling and opposition. No body can deny the positive political changes which have been taking place ever since the first Yemeni election conducted in 1993”.
Dr. Mansor Al-Zindany, Mp of the Yemeni Grouping for Reform , largest opposition party, says “ there is no way for comparison between the situation before the unity and what happens now. In the past we used to resort to armament activities to protest to our opponents policy or to come to power but now we have abandoned those vulgar ways forever and embarked on democracy for 14 years”.
Some analysts and observers think that relation between regime and opposition in Yemen is in the right track. The opposition plays reasonable role in criticizing the government performance and suspending some of its decisions. In short , the government forced to adopt transparence measures and to embrace practical mechanisms for combating corruption.
The head of political division of the Yemeni Socialist Party, Mr. Abdul-Ghany Abdul-Kader says “ democracy is the main guarantee for protecting the unity and releasing the peoples potentials to go on development.
He adds “ relationship between opposition and ruling authority must be based on equivalent basis thus, sound and quiet dialogue should be prevailed apart from smearing and defaming but targeting national interest”.
The government provides the political parties with financial support in accordance with the law. 25% of the government subsidy distributed to the whole parties represented in the parliament, whereas 75% distributed to the parties according to the percentage of votes which the party obtained in the general election, with the exception of those parties which gained less than 5% of the total amount of votes.
Following the pluralism and multi-parties being adopted in the country , 46 of political parties were declared , however 22 out of them had taken part in the 1993 parliamentary election. Eight parties had managed to win parliamentarian representation at the time against five parties in the current parliament.
Sultan Al- Brarkani , said ; the main issue between regime and opposition is that we couldn’t get real democracy and regime without genuine opposition..
He added “ democracy is a long build- up process and it has been adopted recently in Yemen , however if we have come up to 40 % or 50% of progression it is quite good..
The Saudi aggression’s warplanes and warships continued to breach the ceasefire on Saturday in the provinces of Hodeidah, Taiz and Mareb, a military official said.
The official explained that the battleships of the Saudi aggression opened fire on the coastal city of Mocha in Taiz, while the surveillance planes continued flying in the sky of Thubab district and the western coast of Taiz.
The National delegation met on Thursday in Kuwait with eighteen ambassadors to Yemen.
During the meeting, the delegation members reviewed with the ambassadors the economic conditions in the country because of the aggression and the restrictions imposed on the Yemeni people, particularly obstructing ships movements, trade, transactions of the Central Bank of Yemen.
They stressed the need for a actual ceasefire and all military operations, affirming that Yemen needs an urgent political solution, taking into consideration the economic and security situations.
The national delegation stressed that after the 18 month-long aggression against Yemen, the other party cannot be recognized as legitimate regarding arms handover and the rest of procedural steps.
It is not difficult to form a consensual transitional government and it is possible to be agreed upon in principle, they said.
The UN Resident Coordinator and Humanitarian Coordinator for Yemen, Jamie McGoldrick, has concluded his evaluative visit to the province of Sa’ada.
The UN official urged all warring parties to maintain their commitment to the cessation of hostilities and allowing unconditional access to humanitarian organizations.
McGoldrick also requested from the international community to increase the level of support provided to Yemen.
"It is not possible to stop the suffering in Yemen only through finding a political solution", he said, hoping to continue the cessation of hostilities to allow expanding the humanitarian activities and paving the way for peace.
McGoldrick met, during his visit, with Sa'ada Governor, the Executive Council of the province and local authorities in Al-Qutaber to discuss the need for increasing support in the areas of quartering, health and education.
He urged to maintain the health and educational facilities protected as neutral facilities during armed conflicts.
Emir of Kuwait Sabah al-Ahmad al-Jaber al-Sabah received on Tuesday the national delegation headed by Mohamed Abdul-Salam and Aref al-Zoka.
In the meeting, al-Sabah confirmed his country's keenness on bringing peace in Yemen and reaching a peaceful solution, hoping that the peace talks in Kuwait will reach a comprehensive solution for the country.
The Emir of Kuwait stressed his keenness on stopping hostilities in Yemen, pointing that the efforts made by Kuwait aimed to succeed the talks.
For his part, Mohammed Abdulsalam affirmed the importance of the Kuwaiti role in bringing peace in Yemen, conforming the position of the national forces to find a just solution in Yemen.
The UN envoy to Yemen confirmed on Monday that the consensus of the participants in Yemeni peace talks held in Kuwait on bringing peace makes reaching a solution possible.
"There is no doubt that there are significant differences in views, but the consensus of the participants to bring peace makes it possible to reach a solution,” the UN envoy Ismail Ould Cheikh Ahmed said in a statement issued after the talks session Monday.
“There are only two options; either to continue the war or to consult and make concessions in order to achieve peace and all parties should assume responsibility for their decisions,” the UN envoy added.
The Saudi-led coalition has continued to fly intensively on the skies of many provinces, including Sana'a, Taiz, Mareb, Sa'ada, Mahweet, Lahj, Hajjah, Shabwa, Hodeida, Jawf.
A military official said the Riyadh's hirelings targeted the army and popular committees' sites in areas of Beer Basha, al-Khalel in Khadir district, in Jahmaliyah, Klabah, al-Salal and 40 Street in al-Dhamgah district in Taiz with light and medium weapons.
Moreover, the Riyadh's hirelings pounded the army and popular committees sites in al-Shabakah area, al-Ghawi Mount and al-Ain Mount, al-Jurf Mount, al-Shuqairah valley, Hasanat area with mortars in al-Waze'yah district of Taiz, according to the official.
The army and popular committees sites were also targeted by the mercenaries in Nehm district of Sana'a province.
In Mareb province, the hirelings bombarded the army and popular committees sites in al-Mashjah, Hilan Mount, al-Rabiah in Serwah district with medium and heavy weapons.
The Saudi fighter jets dropped flare bombs on different areas of Razeh district in Sa'ada, he said.
The hirelings pounded also areas in al-Ghail and al-Moton districts and targeted sites of the army and popular committees Aibar valley in Jawf with light weapons.