Almotamar Net -
By Musatfa Nasar , Fatma Mottaher & Thuraya Dammaj.
The 22nd of May 1990 was really a turning point in the modern history of Yemen. It was the day on which Yemeni people had crowned their long standing struggle for the homeland’s reunification. Most importantly is that a new era of democracy , security and political stability was launched in the country.
The general referenda held in 1991 to approve the first constitution of the Yemeni single state was the milestone of democratic march in Yemen. The result was 89% in favor of the constitution.
The republic of Yemen’s constitution amended through general referenda organized 2001, stated that people is the source of power and they shall exercise it directly through general election and referenda and indirectly through the elected local councils. Thereby , political regime in Yemen is based on democracy’s principles , pluralism and multi-parties.
Yemenis went on bolstering democracy experience and have grown accustom with its practices . Three parliamentary elections held in the country so far in 1993, 1997and 2003. The first direct presidential election took place in 1999. First local council election arranged in 2001.
Yemenis of all political stripes are convinced that democracy is the ideal option for ruling and peaceful exchange of power. President of the republic Ali Abdullah Saleh frequently repeated that “ democracy is the life’s boat for both of the rulers and peoples”. He said.
Yemeni politicians either of the ruling party or the opposition are very keen to exercise democracy in consistent with the constitution. The two sides become more familiar with democracy principles and both of them is quite a ware of the others role.
Mr. Sultan AL-Barakany ,the head of the ruling party’s parliamentary bloc , the People General Congress(PGC) says” our relation as a ruling party with the opposition is governed by the constitution and laws. It is regulated by the agreement on the goals and disagreement on the means”.
He went on saying” we are proud that our country become familiar with a new situation known as a ruling and opposition. No body can deny the positive political changes which have been taking place ever since the first Yemeni election conducted in 1993”.
Dr. Mansor Al-Zindany, Mp of the Yemeni Grouping for Reform , largest opposition party, says “ there is no way for comparison between the situation before the unity and what happens now. In the past we used to resort to armament activities to protest to our opponents policy or to come to power but now we have abandoned those vulgar ways forever and embarked on democracy for 14 years”.
Some analysts and observers think that relation between regime and opposition in Yemen is in the right track. The opposition plays reasonable role in criticizing the government performance and suspending some of its decisions. In short , the government forced to adopt transparence measures and to embrace practical mechanisms for combating corruption.
The head of political division of the Yemeni Socialist Party, Mr. Abdul-Ghany Abdul-Kader says “ democracy is the main guarantee for protecting the unity and releasing the peoples potentials to go on development.
He adds “ relationship between opposition and ruling authority must be based on equivalent basis thus, sound and quiet dialogue should be prevailed apart from smearing and defaming but targeting national interest”.
The government provides the political parties with financial support in accordance with the law. 25% of the government subsidy distributed to the whole parties represented in the parliament, whereas 75% distributed to the parties according to the percentage of votes which the party obtained in the general election, with the exception of those parties which gained less than 5% of the total amount of votes.
Following the pluralism and multi-parties being adopted in the country , 46 of political parties were declared , however 22 out of them had taken part in the 1993 parliamentary election. Eight parties had managed to win parliamentarian representation at the time against five parties in the current parliament.
Sultan Al- Brarkani , said ; the main issue between regime and opposition is that we couldn’t get real democracy and regime without genuine opposition..
He added “ democracy is a long build- up process and it has been adopted recently in Yemen , however if we have come up to 40 % or 50% of progression it is quite good..
An official source at the Yemenia Airways has denied rumors released in some news websites on the detention of one of the company's aircrafts by the Comorian airport authorities.
The Plane arrived to Sana'a International Airport at 11:30 pm after it took off at 12:45 am from Sana'a and headed to Djibouti and from there to Moroni, where it stopped there for fifty minutes to drop off and pick up passengers.
Egypt has said the future of Yemen would be determined by consensus among the various political parties and without imposing any party his opinion on others by force.
In a statement issued on Thursday, the Egyptian Foreign Ministry emphasized the importance of all Yemeni political parties' commitment to continue the political dialogue under the sponsorship of the UN and on the basis of the Gulf initiative and its executive mechanisms, outputs of the National Dialogue Conference (NDC), the Peace and Partnership agreement as well as the Security Council's relevant resolutions, as it is the only way to resolve the country's current crisis.
The Executive Unit to manage camps of the internally displaced persons (IDPs) organized on Thursday a workshop on the announcement of stopping food aid for IDPs and finding other projects in their return areas.
The workshop aimed to educate the IDPs on halting the monthly food rations they were receiving from the UNHCR and international organizations, especially after the war had stopped in Abyan and Saada provinces and they can now return to their homes.
Ahmad al-Kohlani, head of the executive unit, praised the international organizations' role in helping IDPs throughout their displacement period through offering food aid and health and educational services.
The UNHCR spokeswoman confirmed that donors halted providing their aid after the return of IDPs to their homes from the displacement areas.
The internal displacement is one of large and complex issues and should be addressed by the Yemeni government with the support of UNHCR and other international organizations, she added.
The UN Security Council adopted on Tuesday a unanimous Resolution No. (2204) extending sanctions on individuals and entities involved in acts threatening peace, security and stability in Yemen which reflects
The First Military Region's commander Abdulrahman al-Halili survived an assassination attempt, a military source said on Monday.
One of the commander's guards was killed and six others injured when a bomb planted at roadside exploded targeting his motorcade in al-Qatan district in Hadramout province, the Defense Ministry's website quoted the military source as saying.
The General Secretariat of the Arab League said the latest developments in Yemen will be discussed within the agenda of the 143rd session of the League's Ministerial Council next month.
"It was agreed to discuss the latest developments in Yemen within the agenda of the regular session of the Arab League Council at the level of Arab foreign ministers to be held in March 09 - 10 in Cairo", Arab League's Deputy Secretary-General Ambassador Ahmed Ben Helli said in a press statement on Sunday.
The UN Secretary General Advisor on Yemen Affairs Jamal Benomar has announced that the political parties reached progress in the dialogue in preparation for a comprehensive dialogue.
Benomar said that the political powers had agreed on the form of the legislative power for the transitional period to ensure participation of all components which were not included in the current parliament.
Russia called on Thursday Yemen's political parties to work as hard as possible to reach an agreement of the current impasse in Yemen.
All political powers did not relinquish the dialogue on forming new State's institutions, despite continuing the current crisis in Yemen," Russian Foreign Ministry spokesman Alexander Lukashevich told reporters.
He urged all political parties to speed up negotiations and show maximum flexibility in order to reach a settlement and implement the Security Council resolution 2201.
The Arab Parliament affirmed its absolute rejection of any foreign interference in Yemen internal affairs, warning that that will lead to the aggravation of the situation in the country.
In a statement issued on Tuesday, the Arab Parliament called on all Yemeni political parties to quickly reach a peaceful solution to the current impasse to maintain Yemen's unity and its territorial integrity.