Jamil Jaadabi Almotamar.net - The General People's Congress (GPC) was established on 24 August 1982 in the wake of a national dialogue included all groups of the people and their political and social forces .The dialogue was called for by President Ali Abdullah Saleh, who has put at the forefront of his woes and interests, since the first moment of his election President of the Republic by the Constituent People's Council on 17 July 1978, the search for a formula for a national working theory around which all the sons of the people would meet with the aim of filling the political and organisational vacuum in a manner interacting with principles of the people and their values and the goals of their revolution.
Due to the President's belief that such a job does not represent am individual demand and cannot be left to opinions that might fail to succeed his address was directed to all forces of the people , scholars, thinkers , sheikhs military , intellectuals and others , sounding out their opinions and thoughts on the most suitable means and working way for the establishment of a national dialogue that would agree on a working form for a national charter that would embody actual participation and the will of the people and their aspirations.
The process of the national dialogue began in late 1978 when president Ali Abdullah Saleh asked a committee of thinkers, scholars and intellectuals from inside and outside the People's Council to draw up a draft for a national charter to be put to discussion and that drafting had taken an enough time and then was referred to the president so that to move with the draft to the second step of dialogue. A meeting was held for its discussion. The meeting comprised of members of the cabinet, military commands, the governors of provinces and the higher commission of the general federation of bodies of national cooperation for development. The draft was enriched with many remarks and practical ideas springing from the applied reality and expertise of the state establishments and needs and requirements of the comprehensive development.
The additions and amendments were referred to the commission to draft the preliminary form of the draft charter. Thus the draft became a project resulted from wider participation and more opinions. But that were just the beginnings that the dialogue approach included and which the president had adopted and made of it a distinguished school that is still absent from the dialogue.
Here it is now the opportunity is convenient to test the political and intellectual forces and to urge them for a great national action. Thus was the wise decision of the participation of all colors of the political spectra and thus the republican decree issued in 1980 on the setting up of the committee o the national dialogue that included 50 members from various political and intellectual affiliations to discuss the best convenient form for filling the political and organisational vacuum and to it was referred the preliminary amended draft of the project.
The national dialogue commission began its first meeting o 21 June 1980 with all conditions of dialogue were available for it. Under those conditions the national dialogue commission met for the first time in the contemporary history of Yemen with different political affiliations at one level after they were separated and conflicting.
The United Nations has announced that the number of Yemeni internally displaced persons (IDPs) due the military aggression had doubled in less than two weeks.
In a statement issued on Wednesday, the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) said that the number of Yemeni IDPs had increased twice in 19 governorates since 17 April 2015 when 150 thousand Yemeni IDPs were registered.
It warned of the gravity of situations in Yemen because of the aggression.
The statement pointed out that the big number of IDPs are from the northern Hajjah governorate, in addition to southern Al-Dhalea and Abyan governorates.
Amnesty International has called for investigating the killing of hundreds of civilians, including scores of children, by the Saudi Arabian-led airstrikes across Yemen.
"The month-long campaign of air strikes carried out by Saudi Arabia and its allies has transformed many parts of Yemen into a dangerous place for civilians," said Said Boumedouha, Deputy Director of Amnesty International's Middle East and North Africa Programme.
"Millions of people have been forced to live in a state of utter terror, afraid of being killed at home. Many feel they are left with no choice but to move away from their destroyed villages to an uncertain future."
The UN has stated that more than 550 civilians have been killed including more than 100 children since the military campaign began on 25 March.
Amnesty International said it has documented eight strikes in five densely populated areas, which are Sa'ada, Sana'a, Hodeida, Hajjah and Ibb, noting that several of these strikes raised concerns about compliance with the rules of international humanitarian law.
According its research, Amnesty International said at least 139 people, including at least 97 civilians, 33 of whom were children were killed during the strikes, and 460 individuals were injured, at least 157 whom are civilians.
The Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) has appealed member states and civil society organizations (CSOs) to provide humanitarian aid to the Yemeni people, especially medical supplies to cope with the big number of injured as a result of the military aggression.
The Secretary General of the OIC Iyad Madani said, in a statement issued Monday, that the OIC is holding consultations with several civil society organizations that have consultative status in the organization to provide food and medical and humanitarian assistance to the Yemeni people.
Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif has renewed his country's desire to resolve Yemen's crisis in Yemen through talks, revealing that his government urges Iran to play a role in bringing various Yemeni parties to the dialogue.
In his statement issued Monday, Sharif said that his country wants to resolve Yemen crisis through talks.
He added that Islamabad urged Tehran to play a role to bring conflicting parties in Yemen to the dialogue table, the official news agency of Pakistan quoted the Prime Minister as saying in a statement.
UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein on Tuesday reminded all sides to the conflict in Yemen to ensure that attacks resulting in civilian casualties are promptly investigated and that international human rights and international humanitarian law are scrupulously respected during the conduct of hostilities in the country.
In addition to hundreds of fighters, at least 364 civilians are reported to have lost their lives since March 26, including at least 84 children and 25 women. Another 681 civilians – possibly more – have been injured. Dozens of public buildings, including hospitals, schools, airports and mosques have been destroyed in airstrikes, through shelling and other attacks.
Professor Feaqa al-Saeed Ba'alawy, Assistant Secretary-General of the GPC, chaired a meeting of the civil society.
The meeting discussed a number of issues and challenges facing the country, particularly the Saudi brutal aggression on the country.
The UN secretary-general has said that two weeks of Saudi-led air strikes against Yemen, “have turned an internal political crisis into a violent conflict that risks deep and long-lasting regional repercussions”.
Ban Ki-moon on Thursday told reporters that he was urging all countries in the region to go beyond national priorities and help the Yemeni people, saying “the last thing the region and our world need is more of the chaos and crimes we have seen in Libya and Syria”.
ISLAMABAD: On day five of the joint parliamentary session on Yemen, lawmakers approved a draft resolution proposing that Pakistan “should maintain neutrality in the conflict so as to be able to play a proactive diplomatic role to end the crisis”.
It further said that the crisis in Yemen could “plunge the region into turmoil”, calling upon the warring factions in Yemen to resolve their differences “peacefully and through dialogue”.
The resolution noted that while the war in Yemen was not sectarian in nature, it had the potential of turning into a sectarian conflict and thereby having a critical fallout in the region, including within Pakistan.
Two planeloads of medical aid landed in Sana'a on Friday.
The planes were sent by the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC).
The UNICEF plane contained almost 37 tons of medical aid, which "will be delivered to the Ministry of Public Health and Population, to distribute them to hospitals in the needed areas," said Mohammed al-Asadi, the communication officer at UNICEF.